There are many health problems found in developed countries and kidney diseases are one of the most common health concerns faced by citizens, health studies show. In the United States, kidney diseases are growing to be a public health burden as it steadily increases in number, according to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearing house (NKUDIC), with about one in every 10 adults having chronic kidney disease (CKD). This only shows that caring for one’s kidneys is a needed and is supposed to be a responsibility of the patient as well as the health care providers.
The risks of developing kidney diseases may include: high blood pressure, diabetes, family history of kidney problems, race, age, and heart disease. There are many tips to follow in keeping the kidneys healthy for men and women at risk. A Healthy kidney may be achieved through these tips from the National Kidney Disease Education Program:
- Make sure to maintain a healthy blood pressure level. Kidneys act in regulating the body’s blood pressure. Blood pressure levels may vary depending on age and gender but the usual is below 120/80. An achievable blood pressure level may be suggested by health care providers and it may be maintained through proper diet and medications.
- Avoid too much salt. Salt often triggers the body to retain more fluids. This might become a problem for those who are at risk of developing kidney problems if they are not able to curb their salt intake.
- Take medications only as advised and sparingly. Most drugs are excreted through the kidneys and some of these medications directly affect the kidneys.
- Exercise regularly. It may be helpful in keeping the whole body healthy and not just the kidneys.
- Maintain a proper body weight. Those who are obese and overweight are prone to develop many diseases including kidney problems.
- Limit drinking alcohol. Too much alcohol causes the blood pressure to rise which leads damage to the kidneys. People with drinking problems may not only have kidney diseases but also problems with their liver.
- Choose to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. Other foods need to be minimized if not avoided. Kidney damage is often exacerbated caused by too much smoke.
- Proper management of blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
Health care providers believe that healthy kidneys are achievable.